COVID-19 for Kids: What You Need to Know

There’s no denying that the coronavirus’s (COVID-19’s) proliferation is frightening. Every detail regarding the disease that has affected millions of people throughout the world is included in this guide.

As the coronavirus epidemic in the United States nears its two-year anniversary, fresh questions concerning the virus are being asked by parents. To keep an eye on the number of cases rising across the country, thanks to the highly transmissible Omicron variety, everyone is concerned about the safety of children.

The virus, COVID-19, is exceedingly contagious, even if a person only has moderate symptoms or has not yet developed any harmful side effects. Health experts are urging parents to take precautions to protect their children from the illness, which has spread across the country.

Coronavirus: What Is It?

According to the CDC, coronaviruses are found in a wide range of animals, including bats, camels, and cats (CDC). “zoonotic viruses,” which are transmitted from animals to humans and people to other humans, exist in seven types. Respiratory symptoms, ranging from mild to severe, are frequently associated with these illnesses.

There is a brand-new coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) causing a brand-new disease (COVID-19) (never seen before). The new coronavirus has been identified to a market for seafood and live animals in Wuhan, China. According to the CDC, COVID-19 is a bat-borne virus. If it spread to another species before making its way to people, we don’t know yet.

Experts claim the new COVID-19 coronavirus has similarities to both SARS and MERS, but more research is needed before they can be sure. Additionally, new varieties have been popping up all over the world..

When and Where the Coronavirus Infects

It’s been concluded by officials that the novel coronavirus is likely transmitted from animal to human. COVID-19 is primarily spread via respiratory droplets from coughing, sneezing, talking, breathing, and singing, amongst other common activities of the respiratory system. When inhaled or deposited on the mucus membranes of persons who have had intimate touch with an infected person, these droplets can spread disease. To avoid the spread of COVID-19, social isolation and the use of face masks are essential.

It is possible to disseminate COVID-19 by contacting a surface that has the virus on it, however this is not the primary mechanism of transmission. In the air, the coronavirus can survive for three hours, four hours on copper, twenty-four hours on wood, and up to three days on stainless steel and plastic.

As the CDC has confirmed, people can become infected through the airborne transfer of microscopic droplets and particles that can remain for minutes or hours. A lack of ventilation is the most common cause of this.

Symptoms of Coronavirus in Children and Adults

One reason for the overwhelming fear among parents is that the symptoms of COVID-19 resemble those of influenza. According to the CDC, symptoms usually develop two to fourteen days after infection. When it comes to respiratory tract infections, the coronavirus is remarkably similar to seasonal influenza. Only a clinical test can tell the difference.

Common symptoms of the coronavirus include:

  • Cough
  • Breathlessness
  • Fever\sChills
  • Achy muscles
  • Headache
  • Irritation of the throat and/or nose/smell
  • With regards to one’s digestive system (nausea, vomiting, diarrhea)
  • Runny nose or congestion
  • Fatigue

It’s impossible to predict how severe a person’s symptoms will be. Some people experience life-threatening respiratory distress, while others experience just minor side effects. A strange illness known as a multisystem inflammatory syndrome (MIS-C) is plaguing children across the country, and it has been connected to COVID-19. Patients with pre-existing medical issues or who are older tend to have more severe instances.

How to Prevent Coronaviruses from Emerging

In order to avoid major sickness, being vaccinated is a great idea. Practicing social distancing, wearing a mask in public, and adhering to appropriate hand cleanliness are also crucial safety measures. In order to avoid contracting disease-causing germs, wash your hands frequently with soap and water. You should wash your hands well before eating or touching your eyes, nose, or mouth to avoid spreading germs. Give the area a good scrub for at least 20 seconds with soap and water.

Keep your distance from anyone showing symptoms of the disease. The CDC advises people who are ill to stay at home and rest. Sneeze or cough with your mouth covered and disinfect your home often. When the COVID-19 vaccine becomes available, be sure to obtain it as well.

After a COVID-19 test, what should you do?

Isolation is recommended if you or your children get a positive test result.

Shortening isolation from 10 days to 5 days for patients with COVID-19 and Omicron variation is the recommendation of the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). This recommendation is based on what we know about COVID-19 and Omicron variant at this time. It is based on research showing that the bulk of SARS-CoV-2 transmission occurs within the first two days of illness and the following two days.

As long as their symptoms improve, a five-day period of isolation followed by a five-day period in which they wear a mask around others is still recommended for those with symptoms. Staying at home with a fever is not recommended.

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