Can baby aspirin improve pregnancy health? According to a number of studies, this medical cabinet mainstay may help avoid miscarriage and preeclampsia, potentially providing an extra layer of protection for expectant mothers.
The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) has suggested the use of low-dose baby aspirin (81 mg/day) to assist in preventing problems in some pregnant women with preeclampsia; however, recent data suggest that baby aspirin may also help prevent pregnancy loss.
Thus, should you begin taking it if you are pregnant or attempting to become pregnant? We dissected the research.
Baby Aspirin May Reduce the Risk of Miscarriage, a Research Suggests
The National Institutes of Health discovered in a 2021 study that taking low-dose aspirin while trying to conceive and throughout pregnancy may be beneficial for women who have previously experienced miscarriages.
Researchers examined the effects of low-dose aspirin on 1,227 women aged 18 to 40 who had previously undergone one or two miscarriages. According to the paper, participants who took 81 milligrams of low-dose aspirin five to seven days per week had “eight more hCG-detected pregnancies, fifteen more live births, and six fewer pregnancy losses for every 100 women in the trial.” Those who took baby aspirin four times each week experienced the same outcomes.
These findings contrast the findings of a previous major randomized trial, which found no association between baby aspirin and pregnancy outcomes. According to Annals of Internal Medicine, this trial was “susceptible to nonadherence,” thus researchers reanalyzed data from women who strictly followed the aspirin dosage.
What accounts for the pregnancy benefits of baby aspirin? Aspirin may counteract blood clotting or inflammation, which could be the underlying cause of a miscarriage, although experts are uncertain.
Aspirin for Infants May Prevent Preeclampsia
According to the ACOG, using baby aspirin during pregnancy has been demonstrated to prevent preeclampsia, a potentially fatal complication defined by elevated blood pressure. The ACOG reports that women at high risk for preeclampsia can reduce their risk of acquiring the illness by taking low-dose aspirin daily after their first trimester.
Furthermore, ACOG recommends that women at high risk for preeclampsia take low-dose aspirin (81 mg/day) between 12 and 28 weeks of gestation (ideally before 16 weeks) and daily until birth. Individuals with a high risk for preeclampsia may have a history of the condition, numerous pregnancies, persistent hypertension, or diabetes.
Moreover, the ACOG recommends low-dose aspirin for pregnant women “with more than one of several intermediate risk factors for preeclampsia.” They include maternal age over 35, obesity, a history of preeclampsia in the family, first-time pregnancies, and specific sociodemographic variables.
Is It Safe to Take Baby Aspirin When Pregnant?
Research has shown that low dosages of aspirin have no deleterious effects on pregnant women or their unborn children; nevertheless, higher amounts can be harmful. Always see a physician before taking baby aspirin during pregnancy. They will determine whether the drug is beneficial.
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